Ugadi 2023 Date:
The Hindu festival of Ugadi will be celebrated. In 2023, the day falls on March 22, which happens to be Wednesday. A Hindu festival marking New Year’s Day for the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka. The word “Ugadi” is derived from the Sanskrit words “Yug” meaning “age” and “Adi” meaning “beginning”. Thus Ugadi marks the beginning of a new Era.
On this ugadi festival day, people clean their houses and decorate them with fresh flowers and Mango leaves. They wear new clothes and pray to God with family and friends. A special dish called “Ugadi Pachadi” is prepared on this Ugadi festival. It is a mixture of six different flavors that represent the six different emotions one experiences in life – happiness, sadness, anger, fear, disgust and surprise.
Each yuga (yuga) has a cycle of 60 years. Each year of the Ugadi year has a specific name in the panchangam (astronomical calendar) based on astrological influences and the year name indicates the character of that year. A name cycle is completed every 60 years and names are repeated in the next cycle. For example, the 1954 Telugu name “Jaya”, repeated in 2014. Ugadi is a Telugu New Year festival that falls in the spring season (usually March or April). These years always change on Ugadi. The 2023 Telugu name “ SobhakrituNama Samvatsaram” (Beneficial) New year.
Some people have 6 types of food items on this day. With 6 tastes, they believe that life is a mixture of different emotions and each emotion is like a taste. On this special day there is a famous delicacy known as Ugadi Pachadi. It consists of 6 passions in total. However, the recipe differs slightly from region to region, although the most common ingredients are listed below:
Taste as an element is an emotion
Ugadi Pachadi is a mixture of six flavours sweet, sour, salty, pungent, spicy and bitter. Life is a mix of joy, sadness, anger, disgust, fear and wonder.
- The sweet taste comes from Jaggery & it signifies happiness.
- Astringent or pungent taste from Raw Mangoes & it represents surprises in life.
- The bitter taste from Neem flowers indicates sadness.
- Sour taste comes from Tamarind & indicates unpleasantness.
- Salty taste from Salt & represents fear of unknown phase.
- Heat or spice comes from Chillies & represents anger.
Ugadi 2023 Tithi and Muhurtam
To find the Ugadi muhurtham (sacred ‘moment’ for Ugadi rituals), one must first know the Tithi (lunar day) timings.
Chaitra Shukla Pratipada Tithi Starts: March 21, 2023 at Night 10:52 PM.
Chaitra Shukla Pratipada Tithi Ends: March 22, 2023 at Night 08:20 PM.
In Hindu lunar calendar parlance, Chaitra Shukla Pratipada Tithi (‘month 1’ ‘waxing moon’ ‘lunar fortnight first’ ‘lunar day’) is a long way of saying Ugadi or Hindu New Year’s Day. Chaitra Shukla is the waxing lunar paksha, i.e. the first half of the first lunar month, Chaitra called Pratipada is the yatra on the first day of the lunar calendar.
Historical Significance of Ugadi Festival
Ugadi has always been an important historical festival for Hindus. According to historical records, people make a lot of donations to temples on this day. According to Puranas, Lord Brahma started the creation of the universe on this day. He began this important work by introducing years, months, weeks and days to track time. It is for this reason that Ugadi is also known as the day that marks the beginning of the Nava Yuga. According to Hindu scriptures, Yugadikrit, one of the many names of Lord Vishnu, is the creator of yugas or ages. Thus, Telugu and other States of people seek blessings from Lord Vishnu and pray for happiness, luck and prosperity in their lives.
Ugadi festival is celebrated every year on the first day of the Hindu lunar calendar. This day marks the beginning of the New Year for Hindus living in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. It is also called a Yuga or a year.
This festival is also significant as it marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. For farmers, Ugadi is an important festival as it marks the beginning of the farming season.
Panchanga Sravanam – Panchanga Parayanam
Ugadi Panchanga Sravanam is the astrological predictions by Brahmins or scholars for the Hindu year. Ugadi marks the beginning of a new Hindu lunar month with a change in the moon’s orbit.
Some scholars calculate the dates of Panchangam according to Chandramanam and some do it according to Solarmanam. Although they are all Brahmins, the New Year varies between different communities. Hence, the Tamil New Year’s Day is different from the one observed in the Panchangam of North India, and the Telugu New Year’s Day.
Panchanga sravanam- Panchanga Parayanam (New Year Calendar) is done by the presiding priest at the temples. Adhisthana during Panchanga Sravanam reminds listeners of Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe. Predictions are read for wealth and prosperity along with the influence of constellations on various aspects of life. At the end of the Panchagna sravanam the listeners – Panchanga Parayanam (New Year Calendar), the priest gives the blessing.
Ugadi in Other States
Ugadi is known by different names in different regions and states of India. Here is the list of states celebrating the festival:
- Maharashtra- Gudi Padwa
- Manipur – Sajibu Nongma Panba or Meete Cheeraba
- Goa and Kerala -Sandhav Padwo
- Kashmir – Navreh
- Rajasthan – Tapna
- Andhra Pradesh and Telangana – Ugadi
- Karnataka – Yugadi
Ugadi 2023 Image: