Krishna Janmashtami, also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindu festival that commemorates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu.It is observed on the eighth tithi (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in Bhadrapada Masa, according to the Hindu lunisolar calendar. This corresponds to August or September in the Gregorian calendar.
It is a significant festival, particularly in the Hindu Vaishnavism tradition. Janmashtami celebrations include dance-drama enactments of Krishna’s life according to the Bhagavata Purana (such as Rasa Lila of Krishna Lila), devotional singing through the midnight when Krishna was born, fasting (upavasa), a night vigil (Ratri Jagaran), and a festival (Mahotsav) the next day. It is particularly celebrated in Mathura and Vrindavan, as well as in Manipur, Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and all other Indian states.
Krishna Janmashtami is followed by Nandotsava, a festival commemorating the occasion when Nanda distributed gifts to the community in honour of Krishna’s birth.
Krishna Janmashtami History:
Krishna is the son of Devaki and Vasudeva Anakadundubhi, and his birthday is celebrated as Janmashtami by Hindus, particularly those of the Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition, because he is regarded as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Janmashtami is celebrated at midnight on the eighth day of Bhadrapada month, when Krishna is believed to have been born according to Hindu tradition in Mathura.
Krishna was born in a chaotic environment. It was a time when persecution was rampant, freedoms were denied, evil was everywhere, and his uncle King Kansa was threatening his life. Immediately after Krishna’s birth in Mathura, his father Vasudeva Anakadundubhi took him across the Yamuna to foster parents Nanda and Yashoda, Vasudeva’s brother and sister in law. Along with Krishna, the serpent’s avatar Shesha Balram appeared on Earth as Krishna’s older brother, the son of Rohini, Vasudeva’s first wife. On Janmashtami, people fast, sing devotional songs of love for Krishna, and keep vigil into the night to commemorate this legend.Krishna’s forms are bathed and clothed after his midnight birth, and then placed in a cradle. After that, the devotees break their fast by sharing food and sweets. Women leave tiny footprints outside their front doors and kitchens as a symbol for Krishna’s journey into their homes.
Krishna Janmashtami is observed by Hindus by fasting, singing, and praying together, preparing and sharing special food, holding night vigils, and visiting Krishna or Vishnu temples. Major Krishna temples host recitations of the Bhagavata Purana and the Bhagavad Gita. Rasa Lila or Krishna Lila events are held in many northern Indian communities. Rasa Lila is a popular tradition in the Mathura region, as well as in northeastern Indian states such as Manipur and Assam, and in parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat. It is performed by numerous teams of amateur artists, who are supported by their local communities, and these drama-dance plays begin a few days before Krishna Janmashtami. People use flowers and lights to decorate their homes. People chant “Hare Krishna hare Krishna, Krishna- Krishna Hare Hare” on this day.
The holy Gita makes no mention of these mantras. The holy Srimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 1 only mentions the “OM” mantra. In the north, Janmashtami is followed by Dahi Handi, which is celebrated the next day.
krishna janmashtami 2022 date: Thursday, 18 August
Janmashtami 2022 date and time: The Vedic Panchang predicts that Ashtami Tithi will begin at 9:21 p.m. on August 18 and end at 10:59 p.m. on August 19, 2022
Krishna Janmashtami Images: